Securing the Eastern Mediterranean, 400–395

Stephen Ruzicka

in Trouble in the West

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780199766628
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199932719 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Studies in Early Empires

Securing the Eastern Mediterranean, 400–395

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With the whole of Egypt and all Egyptian resources, including ships, in native hands, Artaxerxes had to plan a much different and larger campaign than that prepared in 403–401. Though Greek sources are unaware of Artaxerxes’ real concerns and thus his strategic aims, we can detect in Greek sources’ accounts of Persian naval preparations and activities the features of a Persian security system developed by Artaxerxes II which involved the creation of a two-tiered maritime guard force intended to prevent any interference with the large-scale Persian preparations for an attack on Egypt. The security system comprised an interior maritime guard of Phoenician ships which patrolled the eastern Mediterranean and an outer or western maritime guard force of Cypriot ships manned largely by Athenian crews and commanded by the Athenian Conon, which ultimately took up position opposite Rhodes to intercept any Spartan thrust into the eastern Mediterranean and then, displacing the Spartans, occupied Rhodes.

Keywords: Conon; Spartan-Persian War; Agesilaus; Evagoras; Pharnabazus; Tissaphernes; Phoenicia

Chapter.  4137 words. 

Subjects: Classical History

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