Into the Aegean, 394–392

Stephen Ruzicka

in Trouble in the West

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780199766628
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199932719 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Studies in Early Empires

Into the Aegean, 394–392

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Conon's capture of an Egyptian grain fleet headed to Rhodes revealed Egyptian-Spartan collusion, which raised the specter of Egyptian-sponsored Spartan enterprise in the eastern Mediterranean aimed at disrupting Persian campaign preparations against Egypt. This prompted reinforcement of Conon's guard fleet and anti-Spartan Persian diplomatic initiative in Greece. Conon persuaded Artaxerxes to undertake more aggressive action in 394, which led first to encounter with and defeat of the Spartan fleet near Cnidus and then to Persian recovery of Asian Greek and Aegean cities and to Persian operations in the Peloponnesus, installation of a Persian guard force on Cythera off the Peloponnesian coast, subsidies of Athens and Corinth's opposition to Spartan, and restoration of Athens’ fleet. Spartan efforts at a negotiated settlement failed in 392.

Keywords: Conon; Nepherites; Pharnabazus; Athens; Sparta; Cythera

Chapter.  8484 words. 

Subjects: Classical History

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