Preparing the Second Campaign: Engaging Greeks, 380–373

Stephen Ruzicka

in Trouble in the West

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780199766628
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199932719 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Studies in Early Empires

Preparing the Second Campaign: Engaging Greeks, 380–373

Show Summary Details


Since the Persian expeditionary army's withdrawal from Egypt in 388/7, Egyptian kings—Acoris and then Nectanebo—had been attending to Egyptian defenses, constructing fortified camps on the eastern and western frontiers, fortifying entries to the various Nile branches, and even adding fortification walls to many temples. They also hired Greek mercenaries in great numbers. Persians secured the middle territory with a Greek force under Athenian condottiere Iphicrates as early as 379, and subsequently Iphicrates directed Persian preparations, doing so thoroughly with simulated attacks and battles. A second Persian campaign, ready to launch by 373, seemed certain to succeed.

Keywords: Pharnabazus; Iphicrates; Polyaenus; Phoenicia; Acco; Greek mercenaries

Chapter.  6460 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Classical History

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.