Court Politics and the Collapse of the Third Campaign, 372–365

Stephen Ruzicka

in Trouble in the West

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780199766628
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199932719 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Studies in Early Empires

Court Politics and the Collapse of the Third Campaign, 372–365

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Persian preparations for a renewed campaign began immediately with the hiring of the Athenian Timotheus to fill Iphicrates’ role. Datames, satrap of Cappadocia, soon replaced Pharnabazus as commander of the expeditionary force and oversaw preparations prolonged evidently by the effort to recruit great numbers of additional Greek mercenaries. The beginning of a succession struggle created great political uncertainty, which ultimately prompted Datames’ return to Cappadocia, where he sought to secure himself and await some resolution of the political situation. However, Artaxerxes, persuaded by false charges by Datames’ own son, treated him as a rebel official. Datames himself made a hasty anabasis in hopes of gaining confirmation of his status, but withdrew when Artaxerxes advanced to meet him. Artaxerxes then sent Autophradates against Datames with an army made up largely of contingents from the expeditionary force. Autophradates failed against Datames and then moved back west in Anatolia to deal with other “rebel” officials, Ariobarzanes and Orontes. Autophradates failed here too, and ultimately seems to have discharged most of the force he commanded, marking the end of the post-373 effort to renew the attack on Egypt.

Keywords: Pharnabazus; Timotheus; Datames; Artaxerxes II; Cappadocia; Autophradates

Chapter.  6110 words. 

Subjects: Classical History

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