Egyptian Strategy Shifts: The Genesis of Tachos’ Great Offensive, 364–361

Stephen Ruzicka

in Trouble in the West

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780199766628
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199932719 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Studies in Early Empires

Egyptian Strategy Shifts: The Genesis of Tachos’ Great Offensive, 364–361

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From the beginning of Tachos’ coregency with his father Nectanebo in 365/4 on through the beginning of Tachos’ sole kingship by 362/1, we can trace the formation of plans for an Egyptian counteroffensive aimed at exploiting Persian problems in the west growing out of the ongoing succession struggle. Tachos seems originally to have planned a campaign into the Levant by Greek mercenaries led by the Spartan king Agesilaus, but the further deterioration of Artaxerxes’ power in the west, marked by continuing defections by Persian officials, willingness on the part of various peoples to break from Persian control and side with Egypt, and the likelihood that Artaxerxes could not mount an effective response to Egyptian enterprise, prompted Tachos to move toward a grander scheme in which he himself would lead a great Egyptian force augmented by Greek mercenaries on a campaign aimed at seizing control once and for all of the middle territory and detaching all of the eastern Mediterranean/Anatolian world from Persian control. On this interpretation, the so-called Great Satraps’ Revolt was really just a coalition of individual satraps encouraged and supported in rebellion by Tachos.

Keywords: Nectanebo I; Tachos; Agesilaus; Chabrias; Sparta; Orontes; Satraps’ Revolt

Chapter.  5511 words. 

Subjects: Classical History

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