Persian Counterattack, 359?

Stephen Ruzicka

in Trouble in the West

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780199766628
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199932719 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Studies in Early Empires

Persian Counterattack, 359?

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The later report that Artaxerxes III Ochus waged three campaigns against Egypt, one of them while his father Artaxerxes II was still alive, points to 360/59 as the likely time for this. Thus it must have been connected with Persian response to the Egyptian counteroffensive. The most plausible reconstruction treats this as a hasty campaign waged without much prior planning after the Egyptian offensive collapsed and Egypt was beset by potentially debilitating conflict between rival dynasties. There was no Persian victory, and the best conjectural explanation is that while Ochus entered or approached Egypt, Artaxerxes II's death compelled Ochus to abandon the campaign and return home to claim the kingship.

Keywords: Ochus; Artaxerxes III; Agesilaus; Syncellus; Strato

Chapter.  1515 words. 

Subjects: Classical History

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