Artaxerxes III: King and Commander, 358–350

Stephen Ruzicka

in Trouble in the West

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780199766628
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199932719 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Studies in Early Empires

Artaxerxes III: King and Commander, 358–350

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Ochus (as Artaxerxes III) succeeded Artaxerxes II in still disputed circumstances. He sought to exterminate all remaining potential rivals, including many brothers and other relatives, most notably Artabazus, offspring of Pharnabazus and a daughter of Artaxerxes II and presently satrap of Hellespontine Phrygia. It took until 353, when Artabazus fled to Macedonia. Artaxerxes III then prepared and led a new campaign against Egypt. No certain details survive about this campaign beyond its failure. It is possible that the loss of many troops to the quicksand region known as “the Pits,” which Diodorus connects with Artaxerxes’ next campaign, actually took place at this time and contributed to Persian failure.

Keywords: Artaxerxes III; Mercenaries Decree; Artabazus; Social War; Chares; Pammenes; Mazaeus; Nectanebo II

Chapter.  5177 words. 

Subjects: Classical History

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