Chapter

Change and Manipulation

Anne Storch

in Secret Manipulations

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780199768974
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199914425 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199768974.003.0001
Change and Manipulation

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After giving an overview of the history of research on African manipulated languages and the meanings attributed to the phenomenon by Africanists, the consequences that speakers' choices may actually have for language history are discussed in this chapter. Moreover, key concepts that help to define manipulated language are introduced. These are important to deal with first, as manipulated languages share a number of features and are characterized by some particular principles, which are explored in the remaining chapters of this study. One example is the evasive nature of the word and the transitional character of derived forms of communication, from which they themselves benefit in a very creative form, by underscoring the transformational character of manipulated forms of communication and thus negating evasiveness to a certain extent. Manipulation can also be understood as an act of subversion here, constructing an opposition to its existence as part of a whole, and thereby, in a fantastically productive contradiction, strengthening the source from which they emanate.

Keywords: language change; African language styles; manipulated language; possession; secrecy; revelation; defacement; difference; Jukun; Benue-Congo; Nigeria; Nilotic; Sudan; Uganda; Nilo-Saharan

Chapter.  7402 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Sociolinguistics

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