Chapter

Conclusions

Anne Storch

in Secret Manipulations

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780199768974
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199914425 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199768974.003.0008
Conclusions

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The concluding chapter discusses how the conscious creation of specific linguistic forms by speakers contributes to specific forms of deliberate language change, and how language necessarily—because of its relation to power—is polylectal and hence is characterized by the application of varying norms and normative strategies. One central thesis here is that after having understood the principle types, forms, functions, and usage of manipulated languages, we have to reject the discussion of manipulated languages as pidginized languages or creoles. As variation appears to be a principle element of language, manipulation contra a “standard” form needs to be understood as one of the basic features of linguistic praxis.

Keywords: mixed language; Creole; language contact; irregular linguistic change; time; anthropology; western ideology; writing; oral culture; history; deliberate change; normalization; transition; linguistic Ideology

Chapter.  5749 words. 

Subjects: Sociolinguistics

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