Chapter

Understanding a Complex History

Hilal Elver

in The Headscarf Controversy

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780199769292
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199933136 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199769292.003.0003

Series: Religion and Global Politics

Understanding a Complex History

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This chapter explores the historical roots of the current political crises associated with the headscarf controversy, taking account of its social, political and legal ramifications. Attention will be devoted to the transformation of the Ottoman Empire into the Turkish Republic in the early 20th century; accompanying legal, cultural and political reforms that changed the society; a critical evaluation of the Turkish modernity project, stigmatizing part of the Turkish society while modernizing the other; and the connection between this modernization project and the current headscarf controversy. Finally the chapter analyzes the legal arguments of the Turkish legal establishment.

Keywords: foundation of the modern nation state of turkey; modernization project and its criticism; legal history; reception of european legal system; islamic modernity; freedom of religion and turkish secularism; turkish constitutional court and judicial activism

Chapter.  12774 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies

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