Chapter

Anti-Islamic Discourses in Europe

Hilal Elver

in The Headscarf Controversy

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780199769292
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199933136 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199769292.003.0005

Series: Religion and Global Politics

Anti-Islamic Discourses in Europe

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This is the introductory chapter of the Part II, the Headscarf Debate in Europe and the United States. The preoccupation with Islam reached its heights as a result of the 9/11 attacks on the United States, and the atmosphere of fear in the West led to the open expression of anti-Islam sentiments, which had lain dormant form for a long time. Despite the enormous cultural and theological differences among Muslims and their Islamic practices, Islam is presented to the European public as a monolithic block. In this discourse, Islam is viewed as incompatible with Europe’s fundamental values, such as democracy and individual freedom. Diverse political, theological, ideological, and historical reasons combined to cultivate opposition to Islam in Europe. Muslims are not only considered different from Europeans and their religion incompatible with European culture, but their presence is also regarded as a threat to the health of Europe.

Keywords: islamophobia in europe; islamic practices in europe; from headscarf to burqa; european media

Chapter.  4373 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies

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