Chapter

The Native Ministry in the United States

Jay Riley Case

in An Unpredictable Gospel

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199772322
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199932528 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199772322.003.0004
The Native Ministry in the United States

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Karen Christianity fueled a debate among American Baptists over the foundations of evangelicalism. Leaders such as Francis Wayland argued that evangelicalism grew from democratization and primitivism, a position that led him to argue for the Three-Self Theory and a deemphasis on education in evangelism. Meanwhile, leaders such as Barnas Sears argued that evangelicalism grew from the guidance of highly educated leaders. The resulting Baptist missionary ideal, embodied in the concept of the native ministry, drew from both theories. When the Civil War broke out, the native-ministry ideal led Baptists and similar evangelical denominations to missionary work among freed people in the American south. The native-ministry faith in the ability of nonwhite Christian leaders led northern Baptists to establish institutions of higher education for African Americans in the Reconstruction south.

Keywords: Karen; Baptist; evangelicalism; missionary; democratization; Francis Wayland; Reconstruction; black higher education

Chapter.  12356 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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