Chapter

And Ever the Twain Shall Meet

Jay Riley Case

in An Unpredictable Gospel

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199772322
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199932528 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199772322.003.0010
And Ever the Twain Shall Meet

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This chapter explains how evangelical characteristics laid by the holiness missionary movement were taken up by indigenous Christians in the birth of worldwide Pentecostalism. Radical-holiness advocates readily accepted the authority of non-Westerners who were baptized in the Spirit, as seen in the cooperation between Pandita Ramabai and Minnie Abrams at the Mukti school in India. A revival at Mukti helped encourage Pentecostal revivals in many other places around in the world, including California, Korea, Chile, and China. These Pentecostal movements shared characteristics of primitivism, supernaturalism, sectarian tendencies, cultural adaptability, sophisticated communication networks, individualistic conceptions of the self, and audience-driven policies. Born not simply as an American movement but as a worldwide movement, Pentecostalism downplayed the importance of civilization and grew on the peripheries, gaining vitality from multidirectional influences that flowed through the conduits laid by the holiness missionary network.

Keywords: holiness movement; Pentecostalism; missionary; Pandita Ramabai; Minnie Abrams; civilization

Chapter.  11507 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Christianity

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