Chapter

The Give and Take of “New-Woman” Eugenics

Jill Rappoport

in Giving Women

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780199772605
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199919000 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199772605.003.0006
The Give and Take of “New-Woman” Eugenics

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By the fin de siècle, women’s giving took on national significance through eugenic efforts to “save the race.” As women made economic, legal, and professional advances and became the visible consumers of an emerging shopping industry, contemporary studies portrayed female gain as selfish and parasitic. Treatises by Charlotte Perkins Gilman and Olive Schreiner and fiction by Gilman, Ménie Muriel Dowie, and Sarah Grand compensate for these profits by stressing sacrifice instead. These writers rework motherhood in eugenic terms to reframe women’s gain as renunciation and gift. Exploring the ideals and dangers of reciprocity, this chapter reveals how bourgeois women asserted themselves through traditions of giving that justified political activism and limited the national community it would create

Keywords: Eugenics; Motherhood; sacrifice; giving; women; Dowie; Gilman; Grand; Schreiner

Chapter.  8981 words. 

Subjects: Literary Studies (19th Century)

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