Thinking Beyond the Rim

Thomas A. Heberlein

in Navigating Environmental Attitudes

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199773329
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199979639 | DOI:
Thinking Beyond the Rim

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This chapter completes our journey. As the sun goes off the river and the big rapids are behind us, we catch our breath, relax, and reflect, reviewing again four principles that help us understand attitudes: (a) direct experience, (b) identity, (c) consistency, and (d) specificity. Analysis of efforts to reduce energy consumption in Hood River Oregon, reduce water pollution in two Wisconsin lakes, and reduce crowding in the Grand Canyon show how social and natural sciences partner to solve environmental problems. Based on our understanding of attitudes and the lessons from these projects we can, perhaps, make progress toward realizing what Leopold called “the inevitable fusion” of knowledge about the human, plant, and animal communities.

Keywords: The Grand Canyon; consistency; crowding; direct experience; energy conservation; identity; interdisciplinary; social science partnerships; specificity; structural fix; water pollution

Chapter.  4180 words. 

Subjects: Sociology

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