7. Environmental Claims over the Exclusive Economic Zone

James Kraska

in Maritime Power and the Law of the Sea

Published in print January 2011 | ISBN: 9780199773381
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199895298 | DOI:
7. Environmental Claims over the Exclusive Economic Zone

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This chapter discusses environmental claims over the exclusive economic zone (EEZ). The assertion of excessive coastal state or international environmental regulation in the EEZ poses the third of the three major legal and policy threats to the stability of the regime. The EEZ framework is under pressure from a coordinated effort by certain government agencies, coastal states, and international and nongovernmental organizations, to promote a regime of controlled access beyond the territorial sea. These efforts are informed by a number of motivations, including flagrant coastal state nativism or jingoism, good faith, and deep concern over maritime environmental degradation, the social-political appeal of certain endangered marine wildlife, deliberate national military strategy, local and tribal or indigenous politics, thinly veiled anti-capitalist and anti-globalist sentiment, and aggressive claims to offshore natural resources. But for many, the coastal state's prerogative in reducing marine pollution is the over-riding drive for greater control over the EEZ.

Keywords: exclusive economic zone; environmental regulation; marine pollution; coastal states; central government; offshore natural resources

Chapter.  20974 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public International Law

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