Chapter

Neurons and Simple Memory Circuits

Howard Eichenbaum

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory

Second edition

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780199778614
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199932962 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778614.003.0002
Neurons and Simple Memory Circuits

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This chapter summarizes some of the key fundamental concepts about the anatomy and physiology of neurons, including the molecular basis of the unusual electrical properties of neurons, different forms of electrical conduction, and transmission of information between neurons. It then shows how these concepts can be put to work toward understanding the cellular bases of basic forms of learning. Three elemental forms of learning that are accomplished within the circuitry of relatively simple animals have served as model systems for the study of memory: habituation, sensitization, and classical conditioning. These studies have provided a clear understanding of the mechanisms of neuronal plasticity that mediate such learning in well-identified circuits of a marine invertebrate.

Keywords: neurons; electrical properties; learning; memory; habituation; sensitization; classical conditioning; neuronal plasticity

Chapter.  8176 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neuroscience

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