Chapter

Amnesia: Learning about Memory from Memory Loss

Howard Eichenbaum

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory

Second edition

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780199778614
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199932962 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778614.003.0004
Amnesia: Learning about Memory from Memory Loss

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This chapter reviews evidence from studies of amnesia in humans. It provides a detailed overview of the case of H. M., to provide a closer perspective on the nature of his amnesia. H. M. was an epileptic for several years when, in an effort to alleviate his disorder, his medial temporal lobe area was removed. The surgery did indeed reduce the frequency of his seizures considerably — however, he had become severely amnesic. The chapter then explores the distinction between declarative and procedural memory, using several examples from the experimental literature on amnesia.

Keywords: humans; amnesia; declarative memory; procedural memory; medial temporal lobe

Chapter.  10295 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neuroscience

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