Chapter

Captured!

Kathleen Holscher

in Religious Lessons

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199781737
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199979653 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199781737.003.0004
Captured!

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This chapter deals with the organization Protestants and Other Americans United for Separation of Church and State (POAU), and the captive schools campaign it promoted in response to sister-taught public education. In the aftermath of the U.S. Supreme Court’s 1947 decision in Everson v. Board of Education, New Mexico’s schools and others like them became mediums for deferring disagreements among the group’s broad coalition of Protestants. Early members of POAU, including Joseph Dawson, Frank Mead, and Paul Blanshard, publicized and lent aid to the Zellers lawsuit as the organization’s flagship project. The captivity narratives the group employed when it spread the word about the Dixon case were both a flexible entrée into litigation and a rallying cry meant to remind its membership and the American public about the threat of Catholic power, as well as the foundational relationship between Protestantism and the First Amendment’s Establishment Clause in an era that many feared advancing secularism.

Keywords: Captive Schools; Everson v. Board of Education; Joseph Dawson; Paul Blanshard; captivity narrative; First Amendment; Establishment Clause; Secularism; Protestantism

Chapter.  14174 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Religious Studies

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