Chapter

Incorporating Catholic Immigrants

Thomas A. Tweed

in America's Church

Published in print June 2011 | ISBN: 9780199782987
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199897384 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782987.003.0007
Incorporating Catholic Immigrants

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Internal ethnic and cultural diversity had been the great accomplishment and the persistent challenge of the U.S. Catholic Church since the mid-19th century, and the Shrine's clerical promoters during the 1910s and 1920s knew that. They knew that claiming civic space in the capital wasn't their only pressing task. Their challenges began abroad as well as at home, and they knew it wasn't only transnational flows from the Vatican that had brought change. Periodic emigrations also had altered the demographics of American society and the built environment of U.S. cities—and, most important, had transformed the devotional life of both the recently arrived Catholics, who balanced allegiances to the homeland and the new land, and the native-born faithful who shared the same pew with their foreign-born neighbors. The Shrine's clerical advocates were aware of the faithful's diversity throughout the era of consolidation, though they addressed the challenges more regularly and energetically during the 1910s and 1920s than during the 1940s and 1950s, and—to again extend the chronological scope and trace developments after 1959—this chapter shows how that issue took center stage again as the new immigration transformed the ecclesiastical community during the post-1960s era of fragmentation.

Keywords: Catholic Church; Catholic immigrants; emigrations; immigration; consolidation; clergy

Chapter.  14253 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Religious Studies

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