Chapter

On the Psychological Origins of Dualism: Dual-Process Cognition and the Explanatory Gap<sup>*</sup>

Brian Fiala, Adam Arico and Shaun Nichols

in Creating Consilience

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780199794393
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199919338 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794393.003.0005

Series: New Directions in Cognitive Science

On the Psychological Origins of Dualism: Dual-Process Cognition and the Explanatory Gap*

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Consciousness often presents itself as a problem for materialists because, no matter which physical explanation we consider, there seems to remain something about conscious experience that hasn't been fully explained, giving rise to an apparent explanatory gap. The explanatory gap between the physical and the conscious is reflected in the broader population, in which dualistic intuitions abound. Drawing on recent empirical evidence, this chapter presents a dual-process cognitive model of consciousness attribution. The model provides an important part of the explanation for dualism being so attractive and the explanatory gap so vexing.

Keywords: consciousness attribution; dualistic intuitions; dual-process cognitive model; dualism

Chapter.  11132 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Philosophy

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