Chapter

Stalin and the Fellow-Travelers Revisited

Michael David-Fox

in Showcasing the Great Experiment

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780199794577
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199932245 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794577.003.0007
Stalin and the Fellow-Travelers Revisited

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This chapter gives new documentation and interpretation of the Soviet visits of the leading fellow-travelers in the 1930s, including George Bernard Shaw, Sidney and Beatrice Webb, Henri Barbusse, and Romain Rolland. Critically examining the major frameworks advanced for understanding Western intellectuals' Sovietophilia—among them alienation, national political traditions, and simple naiveté—it argues that no single master explanation proves adequate. The Western myth of the Soviet Union was so flexible that many diametrically opposed features of communism prompted them to assume the stature of “friends.” Nevertheless, the role of key Soviet intermediaries (including Ilya Ehrenburg, Aleksandr Arosev, and Ivan Maiskii) was crucial in this process, as were the conventions of Soviet “friendship.” The transcripts of Stalin's Kremlin receptions of leading Western “friends of the Soviet Union” suggest that a number of important Western sympathizers viewed him as a type of intellectual in power and harbored illusions of influence over the course of the revolution.

Keywords: George Bernard Shaw; Sidney and Beatrice Webb; Henri Barbusse; Romain Rolland; Sovietophilia; alienation; Stalin; Aleksandr Arosev; fellow-travelers; intellectuals

Chapter.  17733 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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