Chapter

Going East: Friends and Enemies

Michael David-Fox

in Showcasing the Great Experiment

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780199794577
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199932245 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794577.003.0008
Going East: Friends and Enemies

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This chapter contrasts the Soviet relationship with prominent visitors who were ideological sympathizers with little-known, covert Soviet outreach to far-right nationalists, German “National Bolsheviks,” and fascist intellectuals. At the center of attention, in the first instance, are the sensational journeys of André Gide in 1936 and Lion Feuchtwanger in 1937 during the era of the Moscow show trials. In the second instance, the chapter gives an in-depth case study of a hybrid left-right German organization founded in 1932 to study the Soviet planned economy (ARPLAN), and more broadly Soviet-German political and cultural relations on the eve of the Nazi Revolution. Showing how foreign friends of Stalinism could suddenly become enemies and those considered enemies could potentially be converted into friends, the chapter ends by contrasting the emotional identification of many Western intellectuals with the socialist homeland with the foreign fellow-travelers of the fascist right, who were by definition excluded from the Nazi racial community.

Keywords: André Gide; Lion Feuchtwanger; ARPLAN; planned economy; National Bolsheviks; fascist; Nazi; Soviet-German; Stalinism; fellow-travelers

Chapter.  16946 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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