Transit States and the Thickening of Borders

Gregory White

in Climate Change and Migration

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199794829
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199919284 | DOI:
Transit States and the Thickening of Borders

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This chapter treats North Africa, known in Arabic as the Maghreb. The chapter focuses on Morocco as a way of illuminating the role of transit states situated “in-between” sending and receiving dynamics. Admittedly, “transit state” is a bit of a misnomer, as migrants are more often blocked and not really in transit. Nonetheless, the label as “host country” or “country of immigration” does not work either; the new population does not comprise immigrants who are seeking to settle, as is the case in advanced-industrialized economies. Chapter 4 treats the politics of CIM within a transit state and the ways in which CIM is used to “reborder” a country, cement territorial claims, and control the national space. CIM is also used by transit states as a bargaining chip to enhance the status of their own emigrants—both legal and undocumented—living in North Atlantic countries. Finally, chapter 4 treats the ways in which CIM enhances collaboration between North Atlantic and transit state officials and facilitates the elaboration of a transnational security state—that is, the internationalization of security apparatuses and interior ministries.

Keywords: Maghreb; Morocco; transit state; border state; mixed migration; Spain; Ceuta; Melilla; Spanish enclaves; Canary Islands; King Mohammed VI

Chapter.  13335 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: International Relations

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