Chapter

Catholic Anthropology

Thomas P. Rausch

in Teaching the Tradition

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780199795307
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199932894 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199795307.003.0003
Catholic Anthropology

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In the Catholic tradition, God is personal, not local or primarily a philosophical principle. He established a relationship with Israel even during its early wandering from Palestine to Egypt and back to Palestine. God promised the Israelites a definitive intervention in their lives: the Messiah who was to be a great leader. Christians see in Christ a great leader, although not in the sense of a secular ruler. He is the obedient Son of God who changed history, showed people God in human form, and offered all people participation in Divine life. The Catholic tradition has a number of antiphonies that it affirms simultaneously: God is at once transcendent (beyond our complete comprehension) and immanent, both in nature and in human community, since Jesus Christ became a human being and interacted with many human beings. Similarly the Catholic tradition affirms that human beings are offered grace, which is participation in the life of God, at the same time that they have a nature that can reject the offer of Divine life. Protestantism emphasizes the chasm between fallen nature and grace. Catholicism stresses faith and good works, God speaking through nature and offering grace.

Keywords: mystery; transcendence; immanence; grace; nature; resurrection; anthropology

Chapter.  6775 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies

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