Chapter

The Context of Bullying: Definition, Prevalence, and Controversies

Faye Mishna

in Bullying

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780199795406
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199949687 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199795406.003.0008
The Context of Bullying: Definition, Prevalence, and Controversies

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This chapter will set the stage for examining and addressing bullying with a discussion on the pervasiveness of bullying of children and adolescents around the world along with an overview of the short term and potential long lasting effects of bullying. Also included will be a review of the confusion and controversies surrounding the term “bullying.” The term “bullying” typically is defined as a form of aggression which can be direct or indirect and includes physical, verbal or psychological and relational acts, that is intentional and occurs in a relationship characterized by a power imbalance, and is repeated over time. Notwithstanding the complexity of bullying and ensuing difficulties in defining and recognizing bullying, the damage caused by bullying can be considerable and far reaching. The adult-child relationship in particular influences the ability of children and youth to manage in many areas, including bullying situations.

Keywords: bullying; confusion; controversy; physical bullying; verbal bullying; psychological bullying; power imbalances

Chapter.  6708 words. 

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