Red Representation, Blue Representation

David C. Barker and Christopher Jan Carman

in Representing Red and Blue

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199796564
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199979714 | DOI:

Series: Series in Political Psychology

Red Representation, Blue Representation

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This chapter assesses one of the major implications of our findings that are discussed in the previous chapters. That is, if secular progressives are more inclined to expect instructed delegate-style representation, elect representatives with instructed delegate-styles of governance, and hold those representatives accountable when they fail to deliver, then we should expect elected officials who represent progressive (especially secular) constituencies to respond more consistently to constituent opinion than do those who represent traditionalistic constituencies. Looking directly at roll-call voting behavior on the part of legislators from 1985 to 2010, the chapter provides direct evidence in support of that narrative.

Keywords: roll-call vote analysis; Members of Congress; constituents; representation; accountability; congruence

Chapter.  9188 words. 

Subjects: Social Psychology

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