All Paths Lead to God: The Case of Ibn ʿArabī

Mohammad Hassan Khalil

in Islam and the Fate of Others

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780199796663
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199933082 | DOI:
All Paths Lead to God: The Case of Ibn ʿArabī

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The Andalusian Ibn ‘Arabi (d. 1240) is one of the most well-known mystics of world history. He argues that God will judge individuals according to what they can discern. But, because all paths lead to God, even the wicked, barred from Paradise, will one day be spared chastisement. This chapter explores Ibn ‘Arabi’s unique esoteric approach to the topic of salvation, and includes a brief look at the writings of another mystic, Mulla Sadra (d. 1640), also known as Sadr al-Din al-Shirazi.Ibn ‘Arabi (or: Ibn Arabi, Ibn al-‘Arabi, Ibn al-Arabi).

Keywords: Andalusia; Sufism; Sufi; mysticism; perennialism; sophia perennis; universalism; afterlife: heaven and hell; Mulla Sadra; Sadr Al-Din Al-Shirazi; religious diversity; philosophy of religion

Chapter.  8309 words. 

Subjects: Islam

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