The Modern Scene: Rashīd Riḍā and Beyond

Mohammad Hassan Khalil

in Islam and the Fate of Others

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780199796663
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199933082 | DOI:
The Modern Scene: Rashīd Riḍā and Beyond

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Rashid Rida (d. 1935) was, in effect, the spokesperson for the modern Salafi movement. On the topic of salvation, Rida builds on the writings of his predecessors, and submits that God will deliver righteous non-Muslims. Rida also favors the view that all of humanity will one day be saved. This chapter highlights Rida’s arguments for inclusivism and universalism, and also surveys the writings of various modern scholars, such as the exclusivist proclamations of Sayyid Qutb (d. 1966); the arguments for pluralism offered by Farid Esack, Reza Shah-Kazemi, Fazlur Rahman (d. 1988), Abdulaziz Sachedina, Mahmoud Ayoub, and others; and counterarguments by inclusivists, particularly Muhammad (Gary) Legenhausen and Tim Winter (Abdal Hakim Murad). The chapter concludes with “Closing Thoughts.” Rashid Rida (or: Muhammad Rashid Rida, Rasheed Rida).

Keywords: Muhammad ‘Abduh; universalism; Sayyid Qutb; Syed Qutb; Yusuf Al-Qaradawi; Yusuf Al-Qaradawy; Salafi; Salafism; modern Salafi; modern Salafism; perennialism; sophia perennis; pluralism; inclusivism; exclusivism

Chapter.  15670 words. 

Subjects: Islam

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