Chapter

The Ethiopian Experiment

Amanda Kay McVety

in Enlightened Aid

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780199796915
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199933266 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796915.003.0006
The Ethiopian Experiment

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Point Four projects began in Ethiopia in May of 1952 and continued until the creation of USAID. Joint funds created agricultural schools, public health training centers, and a handicraft school. Additional projects addressed pest control, irrigation, and hydroelectric power. Projects generally focused on rural development, despite the Imperial Ethiopian Government’s emphasis upon industrialization. Point Four was smaller in scope and vision than Haile Selassie liked, but it was better than nothing, so he praised the assistance that he got and pushed for more. Though ostensibly dedicated to the pursuit of democracy, U.S. aid projects ended up reinforcing the imperial government’s power by helping fund its very public development efforts. The Ethiopian peoples’ frustration with the lack of political change became visible in a 1960 coup attempt.

Keywords: Haile Selassie; Imperial Ethiopian Government; Point Four; Oklahoma A & M; International Cooperation Administration

Chapter.  17144 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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