Chapter

The Development Decade

Amanda Kay McVety

in Enlightened Aid

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780199796915
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199933266 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796915.003.0007
The Development Decade

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John F. Kennedy eagerly embraced the use of foreign aid as an instrument of foreign policy, reforming the existing Point Four model into the US Agency for International Development. Lyndon Johnson continued the tradition of rewarding allies with aid, but recognized that the United States needed to be more targeted in its application. Ethiopia made the cut in Johnson’s aid reforms and continued to receive large amounts of technical, economic, and military assistance throughout the 1960s. Haile Selassie’s stubborn resistance to meaningful political change, however, held the country back from the democratic change that the United States allegedly championed and paved the way for the 1974 revolution. Meanwhile, economists struggled to understand why two decades of foreign aid had not brought development to countries around the world. Aid was supposed to put itself out of business, but it had yet to do so.

Keywords: John F. Kennedy; Walt W. Rostow; modernization theory; USAID; Lyndon B. Johnson

Chapter.  14681 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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