Chapter

Shifting the Public-Private Mix

Martin Seeleib-Kaiser, Adam Saunders and Marek Naczyk

in The Age of Dualization

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199797899
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199933488 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199797899.003.0007

Series: International Policy Exchange Series

Shifting the Public-Private Mix

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Welfare dualism has always been a part of social protection arrangements in Liberal and Conservative welfare systems. Whereas Liberal welfare systems relied predominantly on means-tested policies for the poor and a combination of public and occupational welfare for the middle class, Conservative welfare systems provided social insurance benefits for workers and means-tested benefits for the poor. Although institutional welfare dualism was particularly evident in Liberal welfare systems, the proportion of social protection outsiders declined during the era of industrial welfare capitalism as more workers became entitled to occupational welfare. In Conservative welfare systems social insurance became more encompassing, making these systems nearly universal. With the onset of post-industrial welfare capitalism since the mid-1970s, however, the processes were reversed, leading to higher proportions of social protection outsiders within the workforce. These processes become fully evident only if we account for trends in both public and private social protection. Our analysis focuses on developments in France, Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States.

Keywords: welfare dualism; occupational welfare; private social policies; unemployment insurance; pensions; healthcare access; france; germany; united kingdom; united states

Chapter.  10189 words.  Illustrated.

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