Chapter

Evolution of Rationalism in Colonial India

Johannes Quack

in Disenchanting India

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199812608
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199919406 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812608.003.0007
Evolution of Rationalism in Colonial India

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This chapter provides a brief outline of the situation of the social and religious reform movements in 19th century India, addressing in the process, the specific social, cultural and political milieu within which organised rationalism emerged. A few exemplary groups and positions are highlighted, such as the Brahmo Samaj founded by Raja Ram Mohan Roy and the more radical Young Bengal Group (Derozians). The focus in particular is on three men who are central to the contemporary rationalist movement in Maharashtra: Gopal Agarkar, “Mahatma” Phule and Shahu IV of Kolhapur.

Keywords: social reform; religious reform; 19th century India; Brahmo Samaj; Raja Ram Mohan Roy; Young Bengal Group; Derozio; Gopal Agarkar; “Mahatma” Phule; Shahu IV of Kolhapur

Chapter.  5730 words. 

Subjects: Hinduism

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