Chapter

Thomas Aquinas on Relations, Personhood, and Matter

Stephen H. Webb

in Jesus Christ, Eternal God

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780199827954
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199919468 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827954.003.0008
Thomas Aquinas on Relations, Personhood, and Matter

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Thomas Aquinas is the great thinker of immateriality and the paradigmatic representative of what is called classical theism. This chapter looks at his work from the perspective of its commitment to an immaterial understanding of the nature of God. Since Aquinas draws a correspondence between the highest forms of thought and the divine as the source and object of all of our thinking, his understanding of immaterial substance begins with his definition of what it means to think about anything. This chapter also looks at his rejection of Avicebron's thesis of universal matter, which sheds light on the difficulties Aquinas has in defining and understanding immaterial beings like angels. This chapter also focuses on his understanding of divine simplicity and its relationship to his theory of the Trinity, as well as his views on the virgin birth and the resurrection of the body.

Keywords: Aquinas; Avicebron; immateriality; Trinity; simplicity; virgin birth; resurrection; body

Chapter.  21791 words. 

Subjects: Christian Theology

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