Chapter

Promoting Change, Changing Lives

Brandon C. Welsh, Mark W. Lipsey, Frederick P. Rivara, J. David Hawkins, Steve Aos and Meghan E. Hollis-Peel

in From Juvenile Delinquency to Adult Crime

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199828166
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199951208 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828166.003.0009
Promoting Change, Changing Lives

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A number of conclusions can be drawn about the state of evidence on the effectiveness of prevention and intervention programs to reduce serious offending in early adulthood. First, there are some promising signs that early prevention programs can produce lasting effects on offending and other important life-course outcomes into the early adult years. At the individual level, preschool intellectual enrichment programs look to be especially effective. At the school level, multi-component programs emphasizing classroom behavior management seem to be promising. Second, there are some promising signs that family-based interventions for adjudicated delinquents that operate outside of the juvenile justice system can reduce offending in early adulthood. These include multisystemic therapy and multidimensional treatment foster care. Third, the available evidence about intervention modalities used with both juvenile and adult offenders indicates that their effects are substantially similar. This generality across the major age divide in juvenile and criminal justice implies that such programs should be effective with young adult offenders as well. Fourth, there are a number of evidence-based programs for juvenile and young adult offenders that can produce monetary benefits that exceed costs. Gaps in knowledge and priorities for research are also discussed.

Keywords: prevention; intervention; serious offending; evidence-based programs; cost-benefit analysis; preschool intellectual enrichment; classroom behavior management; family-based programs

Chapter.  14967 words. 

Subjects: Social Theory

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