Reserved Seats, Patriarchy, and Patronage in Morocco

James N. Sater

in The Impact of Gender Quotas

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780199830091
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199932924 | DOI:
Reserved Seats, Patriarchy, and Patronage in Morocco

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This chapter addresses the impact of reserved seats in Morocco. Implemented in the 2002 and 2007 electoral cycles, these measures account for most of the women elected to parliament. To categorize the women benefiting from quotas, James N. Sater draws on two sets of data: an original questionnaire to reveal the educational and class backgrounds of female MPs and data from candidate nomination lists and news coverage to uncover their political status as party loyalists and their links to prominent male leaders. The evidence suggests that dynamics of political patronage play a major role in shaping who gains access to parliament, as illustrated by the elite backgrounds and political connections of quota women. Quota women’s ties to elite networks may affect their willingness to identify with women as group, shaping broader prospects for women’s empowerment.

Keywords: gender quotas; reserved seats; political patronage; political recruitment; political backgrounds; Morocco

Chapter.  7606 words. 

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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