Iranian Ideological Factions and International Policies, 1997–2009

Mark L. Haas

in The Clash of Ideologies

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780199838424
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199933419 | DOI:
Iranian Ideological Factions and International Policies, 1997–2009

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This chapter examines the effects of ideologies on U.S.-Iranian relations during the Bill Clinton and George W. Bush presidencies. The primary finding is that different ideological factions within Iranian policymaking circles—namely, Iranian conservatives and more liberal reformers—had very different perceptions of the United States, with conservatives much more hostile than reformers. These differences led to major policy disagreements in key areas, including the development of Iran’s nuclear weapons program and responses to the U.S.-led wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. The chapter concludes with some policy recommendations for U.S. leaders and an examination of a number of opportunities that the Americans missed to advance U.S. interests in relations with Iran.

Keywords: ideologies; U.S.-Iranian relations; Iranian conservatives; Iranian reformers; nuclear weapons; George W. Bush; Bill Clinton; Afghanistan war; Iraq war

Chapter.  25890 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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