Ideologies and Turkish Foreign Policies after the Cold War

Mark L. Haas

in The Clash of Ideologies

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780199838424
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199933419 | DOI:
Ideologies and Turkish Foreign Policies after the Cold War

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This chapter demonstrates how ideologies shaped Turkish foreign policies after the Cold War. The chapter makes two main points. First, partisan ideological differences were central to Turkish policymakers’ choices of international allies and enemies. Shared liberal ideological principles were fundamental to many Turkish leaders’ interest in allying with Israel and joining the European Union, just as large ideological differences separating many Turkish policymakers from Islamist Iran resulted in numerous crises. Conversely, Turkish Islamists viewed Iran as an ally and Israel, the EU, and the United States as enemies, and extreme nationalists joined with Islamists in opposing Turkey joining the EU. Second, ideologies created powerful incentives for ideological exportation. Numerous Turkish politicians believed that spreading Turkey’s secular, democratic regime type would significantly increase Turkey’s security. The policies of Kemalists and the Justice and Development Party, as well as the evolution of Turkish-American relations, receive particular attention in the chapter.

Keywords: ideologies; Turkish-American relations; Iran; Israel; European Union; Justice and Development Party; Kemalists; alliances; ideological exportation

Chapter.  30317 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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