Chapter

Biodiversity: The Third But Ignored Paradigm of the Trade Regime

Srividhya Ragavan

in Patent and Trade Disparities in Developing Countries

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780199840670
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199949786 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840670.003.0011
Biodiversity: The Third But Ignored Paradigm of the Trade Regime

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This chapter studies the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), which is responsible for creating an international framework that allows for the beneficial conservation and exploitation of biodiversity. It notes that the term biological diversity covers plants, animals, and microorganisms, as well as their relationship to the overall ecosystems. It identifies the distinguishing feature of the CBD and its ability to allow access to genetic resources. This chapter also introduces the concept of bioprospecting, which is the commercialization of biological diversity to extract materials for different purposes that are mainly research-oriented, and studies several models that can help maximize the value of biodiversity resources. The protection of the application of traditional knowledge is also studied.

Keywords: Convention on Biological Diversity; conservation; exploitation; biodiversity; biological diversity; genetic resources; bioprospecting; traditional knowledge

Chapter.  17636 words. 

Subjects: Intellectual Property Law

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