Chapter

The Tripartite Pact and Japan's Policy toward the Shanghai Jewish Refugee Issue, January 1940–August 1945

Gao Bei

in Shanghai Sanctuary

Published in print January 2013 | ISBN: 9780199840908
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199979820 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840908.003.0005
The Tripartite Pact and Japan's Policy toward the Shanghai Jewish Refugee Issue, January 1940–August 1945

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The book's final chapter explains how Germany's victories in Western Europe in early 1940 successfully revived the pro-German groups’ passion for a military alliance with the Axis powers. In September 1940, Japan concluded the Tripartite Pact with Germany and Italy, and the Japanese government immediately began to revise its Jewish policy. In late 1938, the opportunity had still existed for Japan to improve its relations with the United States and Britain, and for that purpose Inuzuka's and Yasue's plan for using the Jews made a certain sense. In comparison, Japan's alliance with Germany and Italy in late 1940 produced a different situation and made a U.S.-Japanese confrontation more likely than ever before. Japanese officials no longer wanted to contradict their German allies’ long standing anti-Semitism. Inuzuka and Yasue were removed from their positions one after another in 1940, and they were subsequently unable either to decide or influence Japan's new Jewish policy.

Keywords: Germany; Western Europe; Tripartite Pact; Italy; Jewish policy; United States; Yasue Norihiro; Inuzuka Koreshige

Chapter.  15221 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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