Chapter

Building the Education System

Stephen Kosack

in The Education of Nations

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780199841653
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199949540 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841653.003.0003
Building the Education System

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This chapter analyzes how the government will build the education system predicted in the previous chapter. In adjusting its education system, the government’s primary tool is its budget, and the flow of resources to different levels and types of education is the main evidence of government priorities. The government can also manipulate many features of education, particularly: schools; teachers; access restrictions and discriminatory pricing; tracking; and outsourcing—the provision of education by the private sector. These five features constitute the government’s “education toolkit,” which allows the government to channel educational opportunity largely, if not completely, in line with its vital constituency’s demands. The chapter also analyzes the limitations governments face: capacity—financial and technical; the need to preserve social stability; and inheritance—the education system a government inherits from its predecessor. Using the toolkit and its limitations, the chapter derives detailed predictions for how actual governments will adjust their education systems.

Keywords: education; primary education; higher education; worker training; budget allocation; schools; teachers; exams; tracking; outsourcing

Chapter.  18554 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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