Chapter

Ghana

Stephen Kosack

in The Education of Nations

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780199841653
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199949540 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841653.003.0005
Ghana

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Ghana’s government was affiliated with political entrepreneurs from 1951 to 1966 and from 1981 to 2000; in between, the government’s vital constituency was elite. This chapter argues that Ghanaian education evolved accordingly. Until 1966, the government invested in all-levels education; from 1966 to the mid-1980s, Ghanaian education was top-down to an extreme; and beginning in the mid-1980s, the government began shifting resources back into mass education. Throughout, the government also provided selective worker training to serve employers in Ghana, where skilled wages have never been elastic to supply; the exception is the 1970s and 1980s, when Ghana’s economic woes meant that employers needed little skilled labor. Ghana also provides a test of the argument that education varies with regime type—it has been through six regime transitions since 1950. Yet these shifts are uncorrelated with changes in Ghanaian education.

Keywords: education; primary education; higher education; worker training; budget allocation; Ghana; Africa

Chapter.  25521 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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