Chapter

Conclusion

Stephen Kosack

in The Education of Nations

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780199841653
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199949540 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841653.003.0007
Conclusion

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After summarizing the book’s argument, this concluding chapter briefly analyzes several additional issues of interest to political economists. The first is the role of international actors and ideas in shaping education. The evidence from Brazil, Ghana, and Taiwan suggests that foreign aid or international ideas and techniques can help to improve access to quality basic education in the developing world, but only when they help the government serve its vital constituency. A second issue is the welfare implications of democracy. The book’s evidence suggests a need to reevaluate the conventional optimism that democratic institutions reliably push governments to make pro-poor policies. Instead, it is political entrepreneurship of the poor that emerges as the most important factor behind pro-poor policymaking. The last portion of the chapter develops a framework for how future work might dig deeper into the origins of political entrepreneurship and the conditions underlying its success.

Keywords: education; primary education; higher education; foreign aid; regime type; democracy; political entrepreneurship; pro-poor policy

Chapter.  3552 words. 

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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