Chapter

Concepts and Context

Melissa T. Brown

in Enlisting Masculinity

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780199842827
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199933105 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199842827.003.0002

Series: Oxford Studies in Gender and International Relations

Concepts and Context

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Chapter 2 provides historical and theoretical context for the analysis of the recruiting advertisements in the subsequent chapters. It discusses the concept of masculinity and Connell’s hegemonic masculinity in particular. It explores the relationship between masculinity and military service, recognizing that military masculinity changes over time and can take a variety of forms at once, rather than being a fixed type. The chapter maps the connections among gender, military service, and citizenship in the United States, and it describes the so-called masculinity crisis that coincided with the abolition of the military draft. The chapter ends with a brief history of the all-volunteer force that introduces some of the issues raised by the end of conscription.

Keywords: hegemonic masculinity; military masculinity; masculinity crisis; military service; gender; citizenship; conscription; all-volunteer force

Chapter.  10982 words. 

Subjects: US Politics

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