Chapter

Two Ways of Being a (Direct) Referentialist

Andrea Bianchi

in Having in Mind

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780199844845
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199933501 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844845.003.0005
Two Ways of Being a (Direct) Referentialist

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Around 1970, an uprising against Frege’s doctrines was initiated by “the quartet”: Keith Donnellan, Saul Kripke, Hilary Putnam, and David Kaplan. Indeed “the quartet engendered a set of ideas...that is often called ‘Millian’ or ‘direct reference’ semantics.” As a result, a new tradition in philosophy was established, called “American referential realism.” This chapter suggests that two different models of the functioning of natural language are at work within American referential realism: the psychological model of the functioning of language and the social model of the functioning of language. The chapter outlines some of the basic features of these models.

Keywords: Keith Donnellan; American referential realism; psychological model; social model

Chapter.  7763 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Language

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