Chapter

Orientalism and Peace

Catia Cecilia Confortini

in Intelligent Compassion

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780199845231
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199979875 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845231.003.0005

Series: Oxford Studies in Gender and International Relations

Orientalism and Peace

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This chapter explores the policy shifts of WILPF toward the long-standing international conflict in Israel/Palestine. In the mid-1970s, WILPF declared its support for a two-state solution, a peace conference under UN auspices, and the creation of a WMD-free zone in the area. With that declaration, and increasingly in subsequent years, WILPF went from being timidly pro-Israel (1947–74) to assertively questioning Israel’s policies, the occupation of the West Bank and Gaza, and the democratic nature of the Israeli state. The chapter argues that WILPF leadership’s changing ideas about Arab women and their roles, identities, and cultural norms influenced a change in policy. This policy change occurred despite its unpopularity with some important constituencies, especially in the United States, indicating continuing contestations over the meaning of peace.

Keywords: Middle East; Israel; Palestine; WILPF; Orientalism

Chapter.  10844 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: International Relations

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