Chapter

The Emergence of Bioethical Debate and the Jurisdictional Struggle Between Science and Theology

John H. Evans

in The History and Future of Bioethics

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780199860852
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199932474 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860852.003.0002
The Emergence of Bioethical Debate and the Jurisdictional Struggle Between Science and Theology

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This chapter examines the origins of professional bioethical debate in the 1960s when scientists began to be concerned about the potential social implications of experiments in mind control, human genetic engineering, cloning, organ transplantation and other topics. The original debate in the first era was between scientists and theologians who were using secular translations of explicit theology. The debate was about the ends we as a society should pursue, and was thus a “thick” or “deep” debate. This first era was short lived as theologians soon made the theology implicit, resulting in the second era of debate. The core of the chapter shows the sociological forces that lead to this change, which laid the ground for the emergence of the bioethics profession.

Keywords: bioethics; professions; theology; public debate; history

Chapter.  9786 words. 

Subjects: Moral Philosophy

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