Chapter

The Psychological and Moral Consequences for Israeli Society of the Occupation of Palestinian Land

Charles W. Greenbaum and Yoel Elizur

in The Impacts of Lasting Occupation

Published in print December 2012 | ISBN: 9780199862184
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199979950 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199862184.003.0013

Series: Series in Political Psychology

The Psychological and Moral Consequences for Israeli Society of the Occupation of Palestinian Land

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The chapter examines the effects of the occupation on moral thinking, mental health and violence in Israeli society. It suggests that the occupation has exposed Israelis of all ages to trauma, leading to a variety of stress reactions, including increasingly violent behavior both within Israeli society and by the Israeli soldiers and settlers in the occupied territories toward Palestinians. Occupation leads to violence by the occupied, leading to repression by the occupier. The occupier copes with the stress of the occupation and his fear reaction by behaving aggressively not only to the occupied people, but also to his compatriots. New norms of behavior are established in the occupier society that allow higher levels of aggression in the civilian society as well as in the military than those that are usually tolerated. The occupier uses defense mechanisms such as justification, rationalization and dissonance reduction to justify his behavior.

Keywords: Occupation; Morality; Stress; Trauma; Mental Health; Violence; Conflict; Military

Chapter.  11973 words. 

Subjects: Social Psychology

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