Chapter

The Historical-Critical Reading of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament

Marc Zvi Brettler, Peter Enns and Daniel J. Harrington, S.J.

in The Bible and the Believer

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199863006
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199979967 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199863006.003.0000
The Historical-Critical Reading of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament

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The jointly authored introduction defines biblical criticism (or the historical-critical method) broadly as the process of establishing the original, contextual meaning of biblical texts and of assessing their historical accuracy. Next it traces the history of biblical criticism in both the Jewish (rabbis, Rashi) and Christian (Church Fathers, Luther) traditions. Then it describes the emergence of biblical criticism with Baruch Spinoza and its development especially in liberal German Protestant circles (Ernst Troeltsch, Julius Wellhausen).

Keywords: biblical criticism; Church Fathers; historical-critical method; Luther; rabbis; Rashi; Spinoza; Troeltsch; Wellhausen

Chapter.  6793 words. 

Subjects: Biblical Studies

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