Chapter

The Occult Roots of Scientology?

Hugh B. Urban

in Aleister Crowley and Western Esotericism

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199863075
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199979974 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199863075.003.0014
The Occult Roots of Scientology?

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This chapter takes a look at the extent to which one of the most controversial of all the modern new religious movements—namely Scientology—is influenced by Crowley's works. It explores the link between Crowley and L. Ron Hubbard, the founder of Scientology. It reveals that Crowley and Hubbard had a common friend, John W. Parsons, the lodge master of the only operating OTO lodge during the Second World War. Although Hubbard and Parsons were only friends for a short time, the links to Crowley give important information on both the origins of Scientology and the American spirituality during the 1950s.

Keywords: Scientology; L. Ron Hubbard; John W. Parsons; OTO lodge; origins; American spirituality; 1950s

Chapter.  13242 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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